#688 – Moving an Element with the Mouse

Here’s a short example that uses the MouseDown, MouseMove and MouseUp events to move a user interface element around on the screen.  We place a Label in a Canvas and then bind its position to a couple of properties that keep track of the desired X and Y position of the label.  The properties derive from a base position for the label, plus the current mouse position.

Here’s the XAML:

    <Canvas>
        <Label Content="Feast" Background="ForestGreen" Padding="12,7"
               Canvas.Left="{Binding XPosition}" Canvas.Top="{Binding YPosition}"
               MouseDown="Feast_MouseDown"  MouseUp="Feast_MouseUp" MouseMove="Feast_MouseMove"/>
    </Canvas>

And the code:

    public partial class MainWindow : Window, INotifyPropertyChanged
    {
        public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            this.DataContext = this;
        }

        private Point BasePoint = new Point(0.0, 0.0);
        private double DeltaX = 0.0;
        private double DeltaY = 0.0;
        private bool moving = false;
        private Point PositionInLabel;

        public double XPosition
        {
            get { return BasePoint.X + DeltaX; }
        }

        public double YPosition
        {
            get { return BasePoint.Y + DeltaY; }
        }

        private void Feast_MouseDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        {
            Label l = e.Source as Label;
            if (l != null)
            {
                l.CaptureMouse();
                moving = true;
                PositionInLabel = e.GetPosition(l);
            }
        }

        private void Feast_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            if (moving)
            {
                Point p = e.GetPosition(null);
                DeltaX = p.X - BasePoint.X - PositionInLabel.X;
                DeltaY = p.Y - BasePoint.Y - PositionInLabel.Y;
                RaisePropertyChanged("XPosition");
                RaisePropertyChanged("YPosition");
            }
        }

        private void Feast_MouseUp(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        {
            Label l = e.Source as Label;
            if (l != null)
            {
                l.ReleaseMouseCapture();
                BasePoint.X += DeltaX;
                BasePoint.Y += DeltaY;
                DeltaX = 0.0;
                DeltaY = 0.0;
                moving = false;
            }
        }

        public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

        private void RaisePropertyChanged(string prop)
        {
            if (PropertyChanged != null)
                PropertyChanged(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(prop));
        }
    }

The end result looks something like this:

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About Sean
Software developer in the Twin Cities area, passionate about software development and sailing.

One Response to #688 – Moving an Element with the Mouse

  1. Pingback: Dew Drop–November 12, 2012 (#1,441) | Alvin Ashcraft's Morning Dew

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