#7 – Property-Based Animation

Animation is one of the core features of WPF.  Unlike older frameworks, like Windows Forms, you don’t implement animation using timers and rendering the animation frame by frame.  Instead, WPF uses property-based animation, where you animate graphical elements by declaratively specifying how one of its properties should change, over time.

You can implement animation by writing code or by specifying the desired animated effect declaratively, in XAML.  You can also use the tools in Blend 4 to create WPF animations.

As an example, here’s a snippet of XAML that defines a button that will change it’s Height and Width properties, forever expanding and contracting:

<Button Content="Click Me" Height="25" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="25,25,0,0" Name="button1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="100" >
    <Button.Triggers>
        <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Loaded">
            <BeginStoryboard>
                <Storyboard>
                    <DoubleAnimation
                        Storyboard.TargetName="button1"
                        Storyboard.TargetProperty="Width"
                        From="100" To="105" Duration="0:0:0.3"
                        AutoReverse="True" RepeatBehavior="Forever"/>
                    <DoubleAnimation
                        Storyboard.TargetName="button1"
                        Storyboard.TargetProperty="Height"
                        From="25" To="30" Duration="0:0:0.5"
                        AutoReverse="True" RepeatBehavior="Forever"/>
                </Storyboard>
            </BeginStoryboard>
        </EventTrigger>
    </Button.Triggers>
</Button>

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